The Submariners Association - Recognised by the Ministry of Defence

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

The Submariners Association is an Association of ex and serving Submariners which seeks to maintain the special bonds of friendship, loyalty and comradeship, together with a pride in the Submarine Service, formed during service in Her Majesty's Submarines.

The objective of the Submariners Association is to promote and support the RN Submarine Service and its heritage. To Foster the friendships and comradeship peculiar to all submariners so that they may continue to share the experiences and association, and to keep alive that pride in the Submarine Branch, formed during their service in H.M. Submarines.

¤ To promote and foster relationships with submariners of other countries.
¤ To enhance the well-being of submariners past and present and their families.
¤ To promote and support the Submariners Memorial Fund.

Although social occasions form an important part of our activities, the work of the Association is not all beer and skittles. For instance, on leaving the Royal Navy you may move to an area which is new to you or to one which you may have left some years ago. Under these circumstances the local Branch could be a very useful source of advice and contacts in the vital process of readjusting to Civilian life, particularly in such areas as housing, schooling, jobs and the many other matters associated with the transition from service to civilian life.

The Submariners Association can only function properly with the right blend of the old and new. In this context we need your commitment and enthusiasm to help in forging a new look Submariners Association which will combine all of the better qualities of old and new, thereby ensuring that the Association will match up to the needs of the future.

Clause 3 - Membership
(a) The Association is open for Full Membership to:

(i) Officers and ratings who have served, or who are still serving as qualified members of the Ships Company of HM Submarines. This includes members of the crews of Allied submarines which operated under the command of the Flag Officer Submarines in British Flotillas during World War Two (1939 - 1945).

(ii) Exceptionally, qualified submariners of other navies who have served in HM Submarines on exchange drafts for at least six months may have applications for full membership submitted by a branch for consideration by the National Management Committee.

(iii) A person who was a Full Member of The Association on 27 March 1999 and has continued to be a Full Member.

(b) The Association may award Honorary Membership to persons who have made significant contributions to the objectives of The Association. National Honorary Membership of The Association may be offered by the National Management Committee, after agreement of the National Council, to persons who have made significant contributions to the objectives of the Association on a wider scale than at branch level. Nominations for such Honorary membership may be from branches or one or more members of the National Management Committee.

(c) The Association is open for Associate Membership to:

(i) Individuals who share the objectives of The Association.

(ii) Submariners who have served in NATO and/or Allied Forces who do not otherwise meet the qualifications required for Full Membership.

(d) Branch Honorary and Associate Memberships shall be a matter for each Branch of The Association providing always that such Members:

(i) shall have no voting powers on matters that will come before the Branch from time to time.

(ii) shall not be eligible for nomination or election to the National Council or the National Management Committee or as an officer of a Branch.

(e) Registration of Members - Memberships will be registered by branches and full memberships will be recorded on the National Register via branch secretaries. This Register will be maintained by a Membership Secretary appointed by the National Management Committee. - Branch Honorary and Associate memberships will only be registered at the branch of which they are members. National Honorary Members will be registered on the National Register by the National Membership Secretary.

(f) Members who register with more than one branch may nominate a parent branch for which National Subscription be paid under Clause 4. - Affiliated Branches only receive their Subscription under Clause 4b

Are You Interested ?? :: Is This for You ?? :: Do You Qualify??

Patron Patron: Admiral the Lord Boyce KG GCB OBE DL  
President President: Admiral Sir James. F. Perowne K.B.E.  
Honorary Chaplain to the Association:
Reverend Paul Beresford Jupp
Rev Paul Jupp
Hon. Vice President: Bill Elliot Esq. M.B.E.  
Hon. Vice President: Ray Gritt Esq. Ray Gritt Esq.
Hon. Vice President: Rear Admiral A.J. (Tony) Whetstone C.B. Tony Whetstone Esq.
Hon. Vice President: Cdr. Bob Seaward O.B.E. Bob Seaward Esq.
Rick Elrick Hon. Vice President: Rick Elrick Esq. Rick Elrick Esq.
Dave Barlow Hon. Vice President: Dave Barlow Esq. Dave Barlow Esq.
JimMc Chairman:Jim McMaster Esq. Jim Mcmaster Esq.
John Wood National Vice Chairman: John Wood Esq. John Wood Esq.
DaveWatts National Secretary: Dave Watts Esq. Dave Watts Esq
Ian Atkinson National Treasurer: Ian Atkinson Esq. Ian Atkingson Esq.
Keith National Membership Secretary: Keith Bishop Esq Keith Bishop Esq
Committee Member: Frank Powell Esq. Frank Powell Esq
Frank Pas Committee Member: Frank Pas Esq. Frank Pas Esq.
Committe Member: Chris Freeth Esq Chris Freeth Esq.
Committee Member: Andrew Jeffrey Esq. Andrew Jeffrey Esq
Ian Mackenzie Committee Member/Parade Marshall:
Iain Mackenzie M.B.E.
Iain Mackenzie Esq.
  Committee Member: Colin Jones Esq. Colin Jones Esq
Trevor Trevor Thomas Esq.
Contact Parade Marshall when Standard Bearer required)
Trevor Thomas Esq.
  Serving Representative: CPO MEM (L) Paul Foran Esq. Paul Foran Esq
TedH Submarine Museum Trustee: Ted Hogben Esq Ted Hogben Esq
Joan Fraser Minute Secretary: Joan Fraser Ms Joan Fraser
Lord Boyce
Admiral of the Fleet Lord Boyce K.G. G.C.B. O.B.E. D.L.
Patron of the Submariners Association
Admiral the Lord Boyce joined the Royal Navy in 1961. After completion of basic training he qualified as a Submariner in 1965 and in the next 7 years he served in HM Submarines ANCHORITE, VALIANT and CONQUEROR, also qualifying in this time as a Torpedo and Anti-Submarine specialist. He then completed the Submarine Commanding Officer's Qualifying Course in 1973 and subsequently commanded HM Submarines OBERON and OPOSSUM before serving as Staff Warfare Officer to Captain (SM) Submarine Sea Training.

After promotion to Commander in 1976 he attended the Roya1 Naval Staff Course from where he joined Flag Officer Submarines Staff as a Staff Warfare Officer. He then commanded HM Submarine SUPERB after which he spent just under a year in the Ministry of Defence (Directorate of Naval Plans) where he was promoted to Captain in 1982. This was followed by command of HMS BRILLIANT and then appointment as Captain (SM) Submarine Sea Training.

In 1986 he returned to the Ministry of Defence and the Directorate of Navy Plans and Programmes as Assistant Director (Warfare) and in 1988 he attended the Royal College of Defence Studies. He then served as Senior Naval Officer Middle East and Commander Task Group 321.1 in the rank of Commodore before becoming Director of Naval Staff Duties (DNSD) from August 1989 to 10 June 1991. From DNSD he was promoted to Rear Admiral and in July took up the duties of Flag Officer Sea Training and Naval Base Commander Portland. In November 1992 he assumed the duties of Flag Officer Surface Flotilla which included the NATO appointment of Commander Anti-Submarine Warfare Striking Force. He was promoted to Vice Admiral in February 1994 and was knighted in the 1995 New Years Honours List. Promoted to Admiral in May 1995 he simultaneous1y took up the appointment of Second Sea Lord and Commander-in-Chief Nava1 Home Command.

In September 1997 Admiral Boyce became Commander-in-Chief Fleet with the accompanying NATO position of Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic and Commander Allied Naval Forces North Western Europe. He was then appointed First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff, and First and Principal Naval ADC, in October 1998, serving as the professional head of the Royal Navy until January 2001. He was appointed GCB in June 1999. He became Chief of Defence Staff and professional head of the Armed Forces in February 2001 and relinquished this appointment in May 2003; and he subsequently retired from the Royal Navy after 42 years service. He is currently on the Boards of WS Atkins plc and VT Group plc; and an Advisor to Computer Sciences Corporation and TRICOLOM Ltd. Admiral Boyce was elevated to the peerage in June 2003; and was appointed Lord Warden and Admiral of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle in July 2004. He was made a Knight of St John in December 2002, and Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London in December 2003; and he became the first Colonel Commandant of the Special Boat Service in November 2003.

He is also involved in a number of pro-bono/charity activities including being President, Officers Association; President, St John's Ambulance (London District); President, RN Submarine Museum; Council Member, RNLI; Council Member, White Ensign Association; Trustee, National Maritime Museum; Vice President, Forces Pension Society; Patron, Sail4Cancer; Patron, Trafalgar Woods. Commander, Legion of Merit (US) 1999 (Bronze Oak Leaf, 2003). Board of Directors, Naval & Military Club (2003); Freeman, City of London, 1999; Elder Brother, Trinity House; DL Greater London, 2003. Honorary doctorate, Portsmouth University 2005. He was made Knight of the Garter in 2011. Admiral of the Fleet 2014.

Admiral Perowne

Recently retired from the Royal Navy Admiral Perowne had a full and varied 37 year career. He specialised in submarines and commanded both a diesel boat, HMS OPPORTUNE 1976-1977, and a nuclear powered fleet submarine, HMS SUPERB 81-83. He was awarded the OBE after his second command. Later, he was placed in command of the Second Submarine Squadron consisting of ten nuclear powered fleet submarines.

In 1996 he made it to the top of the submarine tree by being appointed as Flag Officer Submarines, the head of the submarine service. Not satisfied with only submarines, he was also sent to command two frigates, HMS BOXER 1986-1988 which included service in the Gulf during the Iran/Iraq tanker war, and HMS NORFOLK where he was lucky enough to be the first Royal Navy ship in 22 years to visit Cape town in 1994 after the boycott due to apartheid was finally ended. This command included command of the 6th Frigate Squadron numbering up to ten ships.

He was posted to the British Embassy staff in Washington DC which started a strong and continuing liking for the USA and for the openness of its citizens. This relationship with the Americans was reinforced when as his final posting in the service he was sent to Norfolk, Virginia, to be the Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic in NATO. He was made a KBE during this appointment.

He continues his connections with the Services though being President of The Submariners Association, The Submarine Officers Life Membership Association as well as being a trustee of The British Forces Foundation. Married to Nicola with four grown up sons, he enjoys golf, canal boating, and classic cars.

Any Documents that are relative to the Submariners Association will be held on this page
If any Member feels there is a Document that may be considered useful to the Association
Please send that Document to:
John Wood
Vice Chairman
Submariners Association

The Submariners Association Secretaries Handbook
Secretaries Handbook

The purpose of this handbook is not to try and tell you how to run your branch but as a guide to those who are new to the role or a point of Reference. Items that you may wish to see in here can be added at any time but changes will only be via electronic copy in the first instance to reduce reproduction costs

The Rules and Constitution and Management Committee Standing Orders
The Full Association Rules and Constitution

Following information was kindly provided by Gordon Smith
Naval History

29015 - 22 DECEMBER 1914
Admiralty, 22nd December, 1914.
His Majesty The KING (is) pleased to approve of the grant of the Victoria Cross to:

Lieutenant Norman Douglas Holbrook, Royal Navy,
for the conspicuous act of bravery specified below:

For most conspicuous bravery on the 13th December, when in command of the Submarine B. 11, he entered the Dardanelles, and, not withstanding the very difficult current, dived his vessel under five rows of mines and torpedoed the Turkish battleship "Messudiyeh," which was guarding the mine-field. Lieutenant Holbrook succeeded in bringing the B. 11 safely back, although assailed by gun-fire and torpedo boats, having been submerged on one occasion for nine hours.

29169 - 21 MAY 1915
Admiralty, 2lst May, 1915.
The KING (is) pleased to approve of the grant of the Victoria Cross to:

Lieutenant-Commander Edward Courtney Boyle, Royal Navy,
for the conspicuous act of bravery specified below:

For most conspicuous bravery, in command of Submarine E.14, when he dived his vessel under the enemy minefields and entered the Sea of Marmora on the 27th April, 1915. In spite of great navigational difficulties from strong currents, of the continual neighbourhood of hostile patrols, and of the hourly danger of attack from the enemy, he continued to operate in the narrow waters of the Straits and succeeded in sinking two Turkish gunboats and one large military transport.

29206 - 25 JUNE 1915
Admiralty, 24th June, 1915.
The KING (is) pleased to approve of the grant of the Victoria Cross to:

Lieutenant-Commander Martin Eric Nasmith, Royal Navy,
for the conspicuous bravery specified below:

For most conspicuous bravery in command of one of His Majesty's Submarines while operating in the Sea of Marmora. In the face of great danger he succeeded in destroying one large Turkish gunboat, two transports, one ammunition ship and three storeships, in addition to driving one storeship ashore. When he had safely passed the most difficult part of his homeward journey he returned again to torpedo a Turkish transport

30807 - 19 JULY 1918
Honours for Services in the Operations against Zeebrugge and Ostend
on the Night of the 22nd-23rd April, 1918.
Admiralty, 23rd July, 1918.
The KING (is) pleased to approve of the award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officer:

Lieutenant Richard Douglas Sandford, R.N,
For most conspicuous gallantry.

This officer was in command of Submarine C.3, and most skilfully placed that vessel in between the piles of the viaduct before lighting his fuse and abandoning her. He eagerly undertook this hazardous enterprise, although, well aware (as were all his crew) that if the means of rescue failed and he or any of his crew were in the water at the moment of the explosion, they would be killed outright by the force of such explosion. Yet Lieutenant Sandford disdained to use the gyro steering, which would have enabled him and his crew to abandon the submarine at a safe distance, and preferred to make sure, as far as was humanly possible, of the accomplishment of his duty.

31354 - 23 MAY 1919
Admiralty, S.W., 24th May, 1919.
The KING (is) pleased to approve of the posthumous award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officer:

Lieutenant-Commander Geoffrey Saxton White, R.N.

For most conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty as Commanding Officer of H.M. Submarine "E 14" on the 28tlh of January, 1918.
"E 14" left Mudros on the 27th of January under instructions to force the Narrows and attack the "Goeben," which was reported aground off Nagara Point after being damaged during her sortie from the Dardanelles. The latter vessel was not found and "E 14" turned back. At about 8.45 a.m. on the 28th of January a torpedo was fired from "E 14" at an enemy ship; 11 seconds after the torpedo left the tube a heavy explosion took place, caused all lights to go out, and sprang the fore hatch. Leaking badly the boat was blown to 15 feet, and at once a heavy fire came from the forts, but the hull was not hit. "E 14" then dived and proceeded on her way out.

Soon afterwards the boat became out of control, and as the air supply was nearly exhausted, Lieutenant-Commander White decided to run the risk of proceeding on the surface. Heavy fire was immediately opened from both sides, and, after running the gauntlet for half-an-hour, being steered from below, "E 14" was so badly damaged that Lieutenant-Commander White turned towards the shore in order to give the crew a chance of being saved. He remained on deck the whole time himself until he was killed bv a shell.

24th May
Lt Cdr Malcolm WANKLYN RN, CO HMS/M Upholder attacked a strongly escorted troop convoy
off Sicily and sank the 18,000-ton liner 'Conte Rosso'.
For this and other successful patrols he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

Lt Cdr Wanklyn was lost in the sinking of Upholder in April 1942.

The London Gazette, Tuesday 16 December, 1941 - (From the ADMIRALTY, Whitehall, S.W.1)
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the grant of the
VICTORIA CROSS for valour and resolution in command of His Majesty's Submarine Upholder, to:

Lieutenant Commander Malcolm David Wanklyn, D.S.O., Royal Navy.

On the evening of the 24th of May, 1941, while on patrol off the coast of Sicily, Lieutenant Commander Wanklyn in command of His Majesty's Submarine Upholder, sighted a south bound enemy troop convoy, strongly escorted by Destroyers. The failing light was such that observation by periscope could not be relied on but a surface attack would have been easily seen. Upholder's listening gear was out of action.
In spite of these severe handicaps Lieutenant Commander Wanklyn decided to press home his attack at short range. He quickly steered his craft into a favourable position and closed in so as to make sure of his target.

By this time the whereabouts of the escorting Destroyers could not be made out. Lieutenant Commander Wanklyn, while fully aware of the risk of being rammed by one of the escort, continued to press on towards the enemy troop ships. As he was about to fire, one of the enemy Destroyers appeared out of the darkness at high speed and he only just avoided being rammed. As soon as he was clear, he brought his periscope sights on and fired torpedoes, which sank a large troop ship. The enemy Destroyers at once made a strong counterattack and during the next twenty minutes dropped thirty seven depth charges near Upholder. The failure of his listening devices made it much harder for him to get away, but with the greatest courage, coolness and skill he brought Upholder clear of the enemy and safe back to harbour.

Before this outstanding attack, and since being appointed a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order, Lieutenant Commander Wanklyn had torpedoed a tanker and a merchant vessel. He has continued to show the utmost bravery in the presence of the enemy. He has carried out his attacks on enemy vessels with skill and relentless determination, and has also sunk one Destroyer, one U boat, two troop transports of 19,500 tons each, one tanker and three supply ships. He has besides probably destroyed by torpedoes one Cruiser and one Destroyer, and possibly hit another Cruiser.

16th February
Lt Peter ROBERTS RN and Petty Officer Thomas GOULD,
HM S/M Thresher removed two unexploded bombs lodged between the casing and hull off northern Crete and in spite of the likelihood of them drowning if she had to submerge.

Both men were awarded the Victoria Cross

Supplement to the London Gazette, 9 June, 1942 - (From the ADMIRALTY, Whitehall, S.W.1)
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the VICTORIA CROSS for great valour while serving in H.M.S. Thrasher, to:

Lieutenant Peter Scawen Watkinson Roberts, Royal Navy.
Petty Officer Thomas William Gould, C/JX.147945.

On February 16th, in daylight, H.M. Submarine Thrasher attacked and sank a heavily escorted supply ship. She was at once attacked by depth charges and was bombed by aircraft. The presence of two unexploded bombs in the gun easing was discovered when after dark the submarine surfaced and began to roll.

Lieutenant Roberts and Petty Officer Gould volunteered to remove the bombs, which were of a type unknown to them. The danger in dealing with the second bomb was very great. To reach it they had to go through the casing which was so low they had to lie at full length to move in it. Through this narrow space, in complete darkness, they pushed and dragged the bomb for a distance of some 20 feet until it could be lowered over the side.

Every time the bomb was moved there was a loud twanging noise as of a broken spring which added nothing to their peace of mind. This deed was the more gallant as H.M.S. Thrasher's presence was known to the enemy; she was close to the enemy coast, and in waters where his patrols were known to be active day and night. There was a very great chance, and they knew it, that the submarine might have to crash dive while they were in the casing. Had this happened they must have been drowned.

4th March
Cdr Anthony MIERS RN, CO HM S/M Torbay carried out a difficult attack on shipping off Corfu and torpedoed two merchantmen.
For this and a number of other successful patrols, he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

The London Gazette, Tuesday 7 July, 1942 - (From the ADMIRALTY, Whitehall, S.W.1)
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the VICTORIA CROSS to:

Commander Anthony Cecil Capel Miers, D.S.O., Royal Navy.

For valour in command of H.M. Submarine Torbay in a daring and successful raid on shipping in a defended enemy harbour, planned with full knowledge of the great hazards to be expected during seventeen hours in waters closely patrolled by the enemy. On arriving in the harbour he had to charge his batteries lying on the surface in full moonlight under the guns of the enemy. As he could not see his target he waited several hours and attacked in full daylight in a glassy calm. When he had fired his torpedoes he was heavily counter attacked and had to withdraw through a long channel with anti submarine craft all round and continuous air patrols overhead.

12th March
Cdr John LINTON RN, CO HM S/M Turbulent was presumed lost to escorting Italian MAS (MTBs) while attacking an escorted ship off Sardinia.

Posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his record as commanding officer

The London Gazette, Tuesday, 25 May, 1943 - (From the ADMIRALTY, Whitehall, S.W.1)
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the VICTORIA CROSS for valour in command of H.M. Submarines to:

Commander John Wallace Linton, D.S.O., D.S.C., Royal Navy.

From the outbreak of War until H.M.S. Turbulent's last patrol Commander Linton was constantly in command of submarines, and during that time inflicted great damage on the Enemy. He sank one Cruiser, one Destroyer, one U boat, twenty eight Supply Ships, some 100,000 tons in all, and destroyed three trains by gun fire. In his last year he spent two hundred and fifty four days at sea, submerged for nearly half the time, and his ship was hunted thirteen times and had two hundred and fifty depth charges aimed at her.

His many and brilliant successes were due to his constant activity and skill,
and the daring which never failed him when there was an Enemy to be attacked.

On one occasion, for instance, in H.M.S. Turbulent, he sighted a convoy of two Merchantmen and two Destroyers in mist and moonlight. He worked round ahead of the convoy and dived to attack it as it passed through the moon's rays. On bringing his sights to bear he found himself right ahead of a Destroyer. Yet he held his course till the Destroyer was almost on top of him, and when his sights came on the convoy, he fired. His great courage and determination were rewarded. He sank one Merchantman and one Destroyer outright, and set the other Merchantman on fire so that she blew up

22nd September
Lt Donald CAMERON RNR, CO midget submarine X.6 and Lt Basil PLACE RN, CO of X.7 both successfully placed charges under German battleship 'Tirpitz' at anchor in Kaafiord off Altenfiord, putting her out of action for 6 months. Both men were taken prisoner.

The London Gazette, Tuesday, 22 February, 1944 (From the ADMIRALTY, Whitehall, S.W.1)
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the VICTOR1A CROSS for valour to:

Lieutenant Basil Charles Godfrey Place, D.S.C., Royal Navy.
Lieutenant Donald Cameron, R.N.R.

Lieutenants Place and Cameron were the Commanding Officers of two of His Majesty's Midget Submarines X 7 and X 6 which on 22nd September 1943 carried out a most daring and successful attack on the German Battleship Tirpitz, moored in the protected anchorage of Kaafiard, North Norway.

To reach the anchorage necessitated the penetration of an enemy minefield and a passage of fifty miles up the fiord, known to be vigilantly patrolled by the enemy and to be guarded by nets, gun defences and listening posts, this after a passage of at least a thousand miles from base.

Having successfully eluded all these hazards and entered the fleet anchorage, Lieutenants Place and Cameron, with a complete disregard for danger, worked their small craft past the close anti submarine and torpedo nets surrounding the Tirpitz, and from a position inside these nets, carried out a cool and determined attack.

Whilst they were still inside the nets a fierce enemy counter attack by guns and depth charges developed which made their withdrawal impossible. Lieutenants Place and Cameron therefore scuttled their craft to prevent them falling into the bands of the enemy. Before doing so they took every measure to ensure the safety of their crews, the majority of whom, together with themselves, were subsequently taken prisoner.

In the course of the operation these very small craft pressed home their attack to the full, in doing so accepting all the dangers inherent in such vessels and facing every possible hazard which ingenuity could devise for the protection in harbour of vitally important Capital Ships.
The courage, endurance and utter contempt for danger in the immediate face of the enemy shown by Lieutenants Place and Cameron during this determined and successful attack we're supreme.

31st July
Lt Ian FRASER RNR, CO and diver Leading Seaman James MAGENNIS,
midget submarine XE.3 successfully laid charge under Japanese heavy cruiser 'Takao'
off Singapore in the Johore Straits, badly damaging and sinking her.

They were both awarded the Victoria Cross

The London Gazette, Tuesday, 13 November, 1945 (From the ADMIRALTY, Whitehall, S.W.1)
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the VICTORIA CROSS for valour to:

Lieutenant Ian Edward FRASER, D.S.C.. R.N.R.

Lieutenant Fraser commanded His Majesty's Midget Submarine XE 3 in a successful attack on a Japanese heavy cruiser of the Atago class at her moorings in Johore Strait, Singapore, on 31st July, 1945. During the long approach up the Singapore Straits XE 3 deliberately left the believed safe channel and entered mined waters to avoid suspected hydrophone posts. The target was aground, or nearly aground, both fore and aft, and only under the midships section was there just sufficient water for XE 3 to place herself under the cruiser.

For forty minutes XE.3 pushed her way along the seabed until finally Lieutenant Fraser managed to force her right under the centre of the cruiser. Here he placed the limpets and dropped his main side charge. Great difficulty was experienced in extricating the craft after the attack had been completed, but finally XE 3 was clear, and commenced her long return journey out to sea, The courage and determination of Lieutenant Fraser are beyond all praise. Any man not possessed of his relentless determination to achieve his object in full, regardless of all consequences, would have dropped his side charge alongside the target instead of persisting until he had forced his submarine right under the cruiser. The approach and withdrawal en┬Čtailed a passage of 80 miles through water which had been mined by both the enemy and ourselves, past hydrophone positions, over loops and controlled minefields, and through an anti submarine boom.

Temporary Acting Leading Seaman James Joseph MAGGENIS D/JX 144907.

Leading Seaman Magennis served as Diver in His Majesty's Midget Submarine XE 3 for her attack On 31st July, 1945, on a Japanese cruiser of the Atago class. Owing to the fact that XE 3 was tightly jammed under the target the diver's hatch could not be fully opened, and Magennis had to squeeze himself through the narrow space available. He experienced great difficulty in placing his limpets on the bottom of the cruiser owing both to the foul state of the bottom and to the pronounced slope upon which the limpets would not hold. Before a limpet could be placed therefore Magennis had thoroughly to scrape the area clear of barnacles and in order to secure the limpets he had to tie them in pairs by a line passing under the cruiser keel. This was very tiring work for a diver, and he was moreover handicapped by a steady leakage of oxygen which was ascending in bubbles to the surface.

A lesser man would have been content to place a few limpets and then to return to the craft. Magennis however, persisted until he had placed his full outfit before returning to the craft in an exhausted condition. Shortly after withdrawing Lieutenant Fraser endeavoured to jettison his limpet carriers, but one of these would not release itself and fall clear of the craft. Despite his exhaustion, his oxygen leak and the fact that there was every probability of his being sighted, Magennis at once volunteered to leave the craft and free the carrier rather than allow a less experienced diver to undertake the job. After seven minutes of nerve racking work he succeeded in releasing the carrier. Magennis displayed very great courage and devotion to duty and complete disregard for his own safety.

Home | Events | Notices | Contact
© 2010 Submariners Association. Some rights reserved.